International efforts and Afghan Government reforms have yielded important gains for Afghan women. Three million girls are now in school, compared to virtually zero in Under a quota system, women hold 28 per cent of seats in the Legislative Parliament. Under President Karzai, a new law on Eliminating Violence against Women was passed by Presidential decree in , although this has not yet been ratified by Parliament.
Aid Investment Plan Afghanistan: to - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
While these gains are positive, Afghanistan continues to have among the worst gender inequality in the world Seventeen per cent of women are literate, compared to nearly half of men 16 , and just 15 per cent of working age females are in paid employment More than 87 per cent of women experience some form of violence, particularly domestic violence, with high-profile women at risk of attack by anti-government elements, local power-holders and their own families and communities Australia is working towards a target of effectively addressing gender issues in more than 80 per cent of aid investments worldwide.
In Afghanistan, we continue to provide support to advance the rights and development opportunities for women. To strengthen and complement the achievements of our targeted bilateral programming, Australia also aims to address gender inequality across all other investments in Afghanistan. In Afghanistan, widespread vulnerability to poverty, natural hazards and protracted conflict fuel instability and hinder development and economic growth. Around 76 per cent of the population lives in rural areas 19 , where agriculture is the main source of livelihood and subsistence.
In many rural areas, low crop productivity, cyclical drought and flooding are persistent risks. Humanitarian challenges remain significant, with 12 per cent 3. To achieve this objective, Australia is addressing three priorities in Afghanistan: agriculture; building resilience; and infrastructure. We also support Afghan Government development programs across these priorities through the ARTF, which provides on-budget funding for national agriculture, rural development and rural infrastructure projects.
Support provided under this objective also contributes towards achieving Objective 1 above, through helping to drive sustained economic growth and providing long-term solutions to poverty. Australian assistance helps to strengthen resilience and food security efforts at the local level and connect farmers and rural producers, including women, to markets and supporting increased crop yields. We are also helping to meet the immediate, life-saving needs of vulnerable populations affected by conflict and natural disasters by continuing to provide flexible, responsive and coordinated humanitarian assistance across the country.
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To achieve the strategic objectives outlined in this Aid Investment Plan, Australian official development assistance to Afghanistan will comprise: on-budget support to the Afghan Government delivered through multi-donor trust funds; a bilateral component , delivering programs in areas where we can add the most value; and humanitarian assistance , supporting populations affected by conflict and natural disasters.
These mechanisms have sound management and fiduciary measures in place, and pool our assistance with that of other donors, allowing us to contribute towards larger and more ambitious aid activities. They also strengthen donor harmonisation and aid effectiveness by investing directly through Afghan Government systems. On-budget support is delivered through two multilateral programs that contribute towards achieving Strategic Objective 1 of supporting the Afghan Government to maintain economic growth and institute more effective and accountable governance.
Australia is recognised for its agricultural expertise, especially in water scarce environments. We capitalise on this in Afghanistan by supporting the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research to help farmers to lift productivity and reduce post-harvest losses; and through the Australia Afghanistan Community Resilience Scheme, which is delivered through five international non-governmental organisations and is helping to strengthen small-scale farming practices and promote inclusive rural growth in ten provinces, predominantly in marginal areas.
These programs prioritise the engagement of women in all activities. Through CARE Australia, we are helping to maintain access to education, particularly for women and girls, in remote areas where the Afghan Government is still building a presence. Australia has built a global reputation for providing timely and effective humanitarian assistance. Our aim is to alleviate suffering and to strengthen the foundations for long-term recovery and growth.
Privacy and Identity Management for Life
We continue to deliver humanitarian assistance in close coordination with the Afghan Government, the United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator and leading donors, targeting the areas of greatest need. Our humanitarian activities focus on improving food security through the World Food Programme and supporting rapid responses to the most critical humanitarian needs through the United Nations Afghanistan Humanitarian Fund.
In Afghanistan, Australia engages in policy dialogue with partner governments and other donors to support our strategic objectives. The SMAF is a development compact in which the international community agrees to provide development assistance in return for the Afghan Government implementing key political, governance and human rights reforms, including holding credible elections; tackling corruption; improving financial transparency; and promoting human rights, particularly the rights of women and girls.
To support the Afghan Government to maintain economic growth and more effective governance, Australia participates in the oversight forums relating to our on-budget assistance.
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For our support to LOTFA, Australia is one of six principal donors 25 on the Oversight and Coordination Board, which oversees Afghan-led security expenditure planning and coordinates donor contributions, including those delivered through the trust fund. We will continue to consult with non-governmental partners, including the Australian Council for International Development Afghanistan Working Group, to inform discussions across our policy dialogue.
To maximise the effectiveness of our aid expenditure, Australia selects delivery partners that have proven experience in Afghanistan and expertise in the relevant field. Where on-budget support is delivered, selected multilateral partners have in place rigorous fiduciary risk management processes to help ensure our funding is appropriately allocated and spent. For bilateral and humanitarian activities, we select delivery partners, including United Nations agencies and non-governmental organisations, which are best placed to achieve our specific program objectives and reach target populations.
In and , the Afghan Government commenced implementation of a range of reform priorities, including on anti-corruption, tax and extractives regulation. Australia is committed to maintaining this engagement for the duration of this Aid Investment Plan. Beyond the international framework, Australia has a bilateral partnership agreement with the Afghan Government 29 , under which our two governments have signed a development framework agreement Australia is committed to generating credible performance information and using it for management and learning purposes.
A Performance Assessment Framework is used to track our progress towards achieving the strategic objectives outlined in this Aid Investment Plan and to assess the adequacy of our results. Conventional monitoring missions are high-risk and costly, and with most programs unable to be directly monitored, we depend on reporting from delivery partners, other embassies and locally-engaged third parties to assess performance.
In this context, we will work closely with partners to strengthen and harmonise performance assessment processes; actively monitor the impact of our programs on women and girls; and adopt new approaches to monitoring and evaluation. As emphasised by the aid policy, Australia is committed to delivering high quality aid programs that are well-managed and produce value for money and results.
In Afghanistan, we have increased the efficiency of the aid program through the consolidation of investments, pooling a significant proportion of program funds with other donors and focusing our bilateral expenditure on a very select group of activities. The management of activities, including financial and contract oversight, is led in Canberra, which enables staff in-country to prioritise advocacy and policy dialogue.
Strategic direction is set jointly by the Embassy in Kabul and Canberra. We will continue to boost our internal capability through judicious use of human resources and by investing in staff training and development. Afghanistan is one of the most challenging environments in which we operate—there are no low-risk options for aid delivery. There is the potential for Australian aid to be disrupted by insecurity, political instability, economic shocks, corruption or natural disasters. High security and fiduciary risks in particular limit our implementation options to only experienced partners that have in place robust risk management strategies.
The key political, development and security risks facing our investments in Afghanistan are documented in an internal Afghanistan Program Risk Register, which also recommends risk treatment strategies. We will assess, monitor and manage these risks in accordance with the below schedule. Calculated at In , the Afghan Government initiated 23 National Priority Programs NPPs for which it sought alignment of donor support to better coordinate and target development assistance and achieve increased aid effectiveness.
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Figures provided by the Afghan Ministry of Finance. Australian Government , Australian Aid: Promoting prosperity, reducing poverty, enhancing stability. Figure includes one million internally displaced persons. Implementation of the new Framework could involve finalisation of new Afghan Government National Priority Programs, electoral reform, or a credible Afghan budget for Afghanistan and the international community may agree a new meeting schedule at the next SMAF Ministerial meeting, which will likely take place in late You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server.
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Treaties Treaty making process. Foreign Influence Transparency Scheme. Trade and investment. Earth is in trouble because of atomic weapons and environmental pollution. The Aenstrians lived long lives and suffered few illnesses. Traellison, for example, was years old, a fairly young age on her home planet.
On the afternoon of the twenty-sixth, the phone rang at the Shuttlewood residence. Shuttlewood responded that if Karne wanted to prove he was who he claimed to be, he should pay a personal visit.
Strategic priorities and rationale
Karne, who spent a total of nine minutes with the journalist, looked like an ordinary man in most ways, except for an apparent absence of pupils in his eyes, which were covered by thick glasses. He said a Third World War was almost inevitable at some point in the not-distant future.
A new order, in which earthlings would be trained to become cosmic citizens, would be put in place. Karne replied sternly that he could not answer that question, though he hinted that the late California contactee was not of earthly origin.
Strategic priorities and rationale
Shuttlewood watched him walk, turning stiffly to wave farewell, then continue up the street. He was looking upward as military jets flew by, shaking his head in disapproval. That was the last either saw of Karne. Shuttlewood, Arthur, The Warminster Mystery. London: Neville Spearman. UFO Prophecy. New York: Global Communications. In Aetherius made his presence known psychically to George King, a London man with longstanding occult interests.
In August King established the Aetherius Society, among the most successful and enduring contactee groups.